Orchestrating Europe (Text Only)
Keith Middlemas

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Orchestrating Europe (Text Only)
Keith Middlemas

Originally published in 1995 and now available as an ebook.This edition does not include illustrations.European Union is the grand political enigma of the late twentieth century. Its very essence resists definition, and why and how it works defy agreed explanation. For politicians, it is endlessly controversial, even occasionally fatal, but for businessmen and bankers it is a source of opportunity, and for students the gateway to broader horizons. From above, where Council ministers haggle, it seems to offer a welcome hybrid of all member-states’ systems; but from below, at best it represents the legal, political and economic context in which every player is bound to operate, while at worst it is perceived as a miasma or a haven for unproductive bureaucrats.But a clear view is nonetheless possible. In examining the informal machinery of European power, Keith Middlemas opens up an unfamiliar and expansive alternative prospect, illuminating not what is 'said' to happen, but what actually does. In the gap between the official and the real, member-states, regions, companies, financial institutions all complete, seeking to create durable networks of influence to gain advantage in a never-ending game, a game fundamental to the EU’s nature. A complex web of rivalries is spun. Drawing on over four hundred interviews by a gifted team of European researchers with participants at all levels, Middlemas turns his unblinking eye on those who inhabit that web to disentangle its disputes, its rules, its flaws, its successes. He shows us a Europe spinning itself into existence, and a Union much different from that envisaged by its founders.

COPYRIGHT (#ulink_b03cc547-22ea-5c1b-81a2-94c815b4e3bf)

William Collins

An imprint of HarperCollinsPublishers Ltd.

1 London Bridge Street

London, SE1 9GF

www.harpercollins.co.uk (http://www.harpercollins.co.uk/)

Copyright © Keith Middlemas, 1995

Keith Middlemas has asserted the moral right to be identified as the author of this work

All rights reserved under International and Pan-American Copyright Conventions. By payment of the required fees, you have been granted the nonexclusive, nontransferable right to access and read the text of this ebook on-screen. No part of this text may be reproduced, transmitted, downloaded, decompiled, reverse-engineered, or stored in or introduced into any information storage and retrieval system, in any form or by any means, whether electronic or mechanical, now known or hereafter invented, without the express written permission of HarperCollins ebooks

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Source ISBN: 9780002556781

Ebook Edition © DECEMBER 2016 ISBN: 9780008240660

Version: 2017-01-06

DEDICATION (#ulink_695cf772-ea7c-5b25-9a3c-f219bcf2a1e1)

To my grandchildren:Hugo, Georgia, Fabian, Isabella

EPIGRAPH (#ulink_2588d793-e39e-53b5-8f85-8e1d30800126)

It is the duty of the patriot to prefer and promote the exclusive interest and glory of his native country: but a philosopher may be permitted to enlarge his views and to consider Europe as one great republic, whose various inhabitants have attained almost the same level of politeness and cultivation. The balance of power will continue to fluctuate, and the prosperity of our own, or the neighbouring kingdoms, may be alternately exalted or depressed; but these partial events cannot essentially injure our general state of happiness, the system of arts, and laws, and manners, which so advantageously distinguish, above the rest of mankind, the Europeans …

Edward Gibbon, The Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire, Vol VI, chapter XXXVIII, p. 402 (1818 edition)

CONTENTS

Cover (#uacc7adcf-b591-5d31-879a-d18ef77f307d)

Title Page (#u7bb373f1-0360-56e1-bbfc-9a69693690ea)

Copyright (#ulink_3f0ce517-8900-5aae-884e-5d2c7b1e6216)

Dedication (#ulink_2d3aaffb-d13a-560f-b8e9-c86eb8cbd1ea)

Epigraph (#ulink_88bf0127-af22-58a4-b539-139c28958afa)

Introduction (#ulink_bcea16df-55f8-5c0e-b8d8-a1e69c015053)

Presidencies and principal Commissioners, relevant to the main themes, since 1981 (#ulink_1652e81d-d9a3-5e36-8db8-a0bc1720e31f)

Presidencies of the Council of Ministers and Meetings of the European Council (#ulink_420935bb-48db-5abf-b3fc-7e903c46688d)

The European Integration Experience (#ulink_624e954e-9d91-50c8-8d84-6ca3a0e9c21d)

by Richard T. Griffiths (#ulink_624e954e-9d91-50c8-8d84-6ca3a0e9c21d)

1. 1945–58 (#ulink_73946b46-1d96-55b1-818d-96b2aa07947b)

2. 1958–73 (#ulink_8877b9a2-474d-5013-98f8-839e298ae121)

Part I: History (#ulink_0c8e9d69-62da-5a2d-9168-790f7d223848)

3. The Stagnant Decade, 1973–83 (#ulink_f1046355-2baa-5954-a688-6cc868ef2449)

4. Making the Market: The Single European Act, 1980–88 (#ulink_6af2032c-88a3-548a-970d-b0e677dbefec)

5. Maastricht and After, 1988–93 (#ulink_fc115216-649f-5413-ba33-f8e7a1acb4bc)

Post Script (#litres_trial_promo)

Part II: Forces (#litres_trial_promo)

6. The Commission (#litres_trial_promo)

7. The Member States (#litres_trial_promo)

8. Institutions: The Parliament and the Court of Justice (#litres_trial_promo)

9. The Regions (#litres_trial_promo)

Part III: Players (#litres_trial_promo)

10. Firms and Federations (#litres_trial_promo)

11. Players in Action (#litres_trial_promo)

12. Policy-Making: Industry and Trade (#litres_trial_promo)

Part IV: State without a Country (#litres_trial_promo)

13. Unity and Diversity (#litres_trial_promo)

14. Conclusion (#litres_trial_promo)
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